Is curve formula

The IS curve is derived from goods market equilibrium. The IS curve shows the combinations of levels of income and interest at which goods market is in equilibrium, that is, at which aggregate demand equals income. Aggregate demand consists of consumption demand, investment demand, government expenditure on goods and services and net exports The IS curve is defined by the equation Y = C ( Y − T ( Y ) ) + I ( r ) + G + N X ( Y ) , {\displaystyle Y=C\left({Y}-{T(Y)}\right)+I\left({r}\right)+G+NX(Y),

Algebraic Analysis of IS - LM Model (With Numerical Problems

In this problem, we're given equations that describe this economy, we're asked to explain each part of each equation, then derive the IS Curve and calculate. In an open economy this curve gives the combinations of income and the interest rate for which the desired net capital outflow, represented by savings minus investment, equals the the desired current account balance---that is, for which S − I = B T + DSB. When there is no international trade, this condition becomes simply S − I = 0. A fall in the interest rate leads to an expansion of investment, causing equilibrium output, income and emloyment to increase as we move down along the IS curve

So, the LM equation is, $$ Y=800+20,000/P +120r $$ Generating the Aggregate Demand Curve. The IS-LM model studies the short run with fixed prices. This model combines to form the aggregate demand curve, which is negatively sloped; hence when prices are high, demand is lower. Therefore, each point on the aggregate demand curve is an outcome of this model 3. Find the tangent distance for a 1o curve with the measured ∆ using the equation for T, with a radius of 5729.578: T1 = 5729.578 tan ∆ 2 4. Then D is calculated from: D = T1 Desired T 5. Curve data are then calculated as: R = 5729.578 D L = 0.0174533 R ∆ Ε = R cos ∆ 2 - R T = R tan ∆ 2 PC = PI - T PT = PC + Opstelling formule. Aangezien de IS-curve de bestedingsevenwichten op de goederen- en dienstenbalans weergeeft, kunnen we stellen dat de globale geplande vraag gelijk is aan het globale geplande aanbod. Als we onze vergelijking van ons economisch model erbij halen, wordt dit: = +

IS-LM model - Wikipedi

According to the above Simple curve formula, the degree of a curve can be calculated by dividing 5729.58 with the radius measurement To make it easy to build, let's have it pointing upwards, and so we choose the x 2 = 4ay equation. And we want a to be 200, so the equation becomes: x 2 = 4ay = 4 × 200 × y = 800y. Rearranging so we can calculate heights: y = x 2 /800. And here are some height measurements as you run along Area Under the Curve Formula The area under a curve between two points is found out by doing a definite integral between the two points. To find the area under the curve y = f (x) between x = a & x = b, integrate y = f (x) between the limits of a and b. This area can be calculated using integration with given limits The IS curve relates the level of real GDP and the real interest rate. It incorporates both the dependence of spending on the real interest rate and the fact that, in the short run, real GDP equals spending. The IS curve is shown in Figure 16.18 A Change in Income

The LM Curve: The Essential Features: From our analysis of the LM curve, we arrive at its following essential features: 1. The LM curve is a schedule that describes the combinations of rate of interest and level of income at which money market is in equilibrium. 2. The LM curve slopes upward to the right. 3 Method 1 - Mathematical curving approach. Method 2 - Use a flat-scale formula. Method 3 - Use a bottom limit to define an F. Method 4 - Use a bell curve. What is the purpose of curve grading? It may sometimes happen that a teacher needs to curve the grades by assigning scores to different academic tasks based on the performance of the whole class Circle Involute: x = r (cos t + t sin t) , y = r (sin t - t cos t), where, r = radius of the circle, t = parameter of angle in radian. Catenary Involute: x = t - tanh t, y = sech t, where t be the parameter. Deltoid Involute: x = 2 r cos t + r cos 2t, y = 2 r sin t - r sin 2t Possible Answers: Correct answer: Explanation: Write the equation in slope-intercept form: We were given the -intercept, , which means : Given the -intercept is , the point existing on the line is . Substitute this point into the slope-intercept equation and then solve for to find the slope: Add to each side of the equation: Divide each side of the. An algebraic curve in the Euclidean plane is the set of the points whose coordinates are the solutions of a bivariate polynomial equation p (x, y) = 0. This equation is often called the implicit equation of the curve, in contrast to the curves that are the graph of a function defining explicitly y as a function of x. With a curve given by such an implicit equation, the first problems are to determine the shape of the curve and to draw it

Finding equilibrium price and quantity using linear demand

The LM curve depicts the set of all levels of income (GDP) and interest rates at which money supply equals money (liquidity) demand. The LM curve slopes upward because higher levels of income (GDP. What is the arclength of a vector-valued function or curve in 3D? In this video we break the length into a sum of little straight lines, we add up the length.. Formula for the bell curve. C.K.Taylor. The normal distribution, commonly known as the bell curve, occurs throughout statistics. It is actually imprecise to say the bell curve in this case, as there are an infinite number of these types of curves. Above is a formula that can be used to express any bell curve as a function of x. There are several features of the formula that should be explained in more detail Explanation of demand curve formula with diagrams and examples Qd = a - b(P). Also inverse demand curve formula. The demand curve shows the amount of goods consumers are willing to buy at each market price

Learning curve formula. The original model uses the formula: Y = aX b. Where: Y is the average time over the measured duration a represents the time to complete the task the first time X represents the total amount of attempts completed b represents the slope of the function learning curve function is defined as follows: Y = the cumulative average time (or cost) per unit. X = the cumulative number of units produced. a = time (or cost) required to produce the first unit. b = slope of the function when plotted on log-log paper. = log of the learning rate/log of2. E Learning Courses 106 People Used See more.. Plug your values into the following equation: f(x) = y 1 + ((y 2-y 1)/(x 2-x 1)) (x-x 1). Note the lone x without any subscripts - for this, plug in the score of each individual assignment. The final value you get for f(x) is the assignment's new grade. To clarify - you have to do the equation once for each student's score I know the general formula for an s curve is 1/(1+e^-x)...but this isn't bound to my domain or range, and my math isn't good enough to figure it out myself. I'm perfectly happy to implement this as two exponential functions, one that covers the left portion of the domain, and one that covers the right LM Equation. The LM equation calculates the demand for money, and the equation is represented here: L = k * Y - h * I. L = Demand for Real Money; k = Income Sensitivity of Demand for Real Money; Y.

You'll also find this set of equations in the equation tree used in nonlinear regression. Notes: • These graphs show the curve going up (increasing Y) as X increases. But all will work for downward sloping curves too. • All of these equations (except Pade) are also present in other equation folders in the nonlinear regression dialog The market supply curve is the horizontal sum of all individual supply curves. Linear Supply curve. A linear supply curve can be plotted using a simple equation P = a + bS. a = plots the starting point of the supply curve on the Y-axis intercept. b = slope of the supply curve. P = 30+0.5(Qs) Inverse supply curve. This plots the same equation in. Horizontal Curve Formulas. There are MANY of these formulas thanks to geometry and trigonometry. This is only a small sampling so that you can view and get related to them when you are away from your reference materials. Horizontal Curve Definitions. LC or C - Long chord. D - Degree of Curve. E - External Distance. I - Intersection Angle. L. 6.4 Equation of a tangent to a curve (EMCH8) temp text. At a given point on a curve, the gradient of the curve is equal to the gradient of the tangent to the curve. The derivative (or gradient function) describes the gradient of a curve at any point on the curve

Microeconomics: MRS or Slope of Indifference Curves

In 1818 Lamé discussed the curves with equation given above. He considered more general curves than just those where n is an integer. If n is a rational then the curve is algebraic but, for irrational n, the curve is transcendental. The curve drawn above is the case n = 4. For even integers n the curve becomes closer to a rectangle as n increases Horizontal curves are provided to change the direction or alignment of a road. Horizontal Curves is circular curves or circular arcs. The sharpness of a curve increases as the radius is decreased which makes it risky and dangerous. The main design criterion of a horizontal curve is the provision of an adequate safe stopping sight distance Understand asymptote formula with examples. Asymptote Formula. An asymptote is a straight line with respect to a curve such that it tends to meet the curve at infinity. This can be more clearly understood as a line drawn at a minimum parallel distance to the tangent of a curve, such that it does not cut or touch the curve..

Macro Problem - Calculate the IS Curve & LM Curve

Linear Supply Equations - Part 2 - YouTubeDeriving Demand and Supply Equations from Data - YouTube

The IS and LM Curve

In the linear demand function, the slope of the demand curve remains constant throughout its length. A linear demand equation is mathematically expressed as: D x = a - bP x. In this equation, a denotes the total demand at zero price. b = slope or the relationship between D x and P x The area under the curve can be found by knowing the equation of the curve, the boundaries of the curve, and the axis enclosing the curve. Generally, we have formulas for finding the areas of regular figures such as square, rectangle, quadrilateral, polygon, circle, but there is no defined formula to find the area under the curve 3 Answers3. The three points P 0, P 1, P 2 are the control points of the quadratic Bezier segment. On the images these points are connected with straight lines. P 0 and P 2 are the endpoints of the curve, P 1 (marked with ×) usually is not on the curve. The formula. B x ( t) = ( 1 − t) 2 P 0 x + 2 ( 1 − t) t P 1 x + t 2 P 2 x, B y ( t. A square root curve, or Texas curve, is designed to be easy to use and has the advantage of helping the lower scores more than the higher scores, if that's an advantage to you. It's also dead simple to do. Let's look at a couple of examples. Jimmy gets a raw score of 75 on a test. Sue does very poorly and makes a raw score of 25 Curves of contrary flexure - On the main line curve from which a curve of contrary flexure takes off, the cant of the main line (which is the negative superelevation on the turn-out) should be calculated from the formula given in the Schedule of Dimension and the permissible speed on the main line determined from the allowable cant deficiency.

IS-LM Curves and Aggregate Demand Curve CFA Level 1

Before we can map out the full LM curve, let's take a look at the demand for money, the L in the equation, in graph form. The LM equation can be used to create a straight line, much as the. The System Curve. A fluid flow system is characterized with the System Curve - a graphical presentation of the Energy Equation.. The system head visualized in the System Curve above is a function of elevation - or the static head and the major and minor losses in the system and can be expressed as:. h = dh + h l (1). wher

IS-curve - Wikipedi

  1. (Note: the equation is similar to the equation of the ellipse: x 2 /a 2 + y 2 /b 2 = 1, except for a − instead of a +) Eccentricity. Any branch of a hyperbola can also be defined as a curve where the distances of any point from: a fixed point (the focus), and; a fixed straight line (the directrix) are always in the same ratio
  2. 4. Additionally, the other piece of information that is required for any standard curve is the equation of the line. This can then be used to calculate the unknown samples, based on the standard curve. So, in the above example the equation can be used to work out the total protein concentrations of unknown samples
  3. We just need to plug in the figures in the formula and try to calculate the y. The formula for Bell-Shaped Curve as per below: y = 1/ (200√2*3.14159)^e - (850 - 950)/2* (200^2) y will be -. y = 0.0041. After doing the above math (check excel template), we have the value of y as 0.0041
  4. The curve you see in the image above is a Cubic Bezier curve, or in other words the degree of the Bezier curve shown above is 3, or in the general formula for Bezier Curves you plug n = 3. n = 1 gives you a linear Bezier curve with two anchor points P0 and P1 and no control points, so it essentially ends up being a straight line
  5. Bonding Curve Price Formulas. We can simplify the Bancor formula and compute the Continuous Token's current price as follows: Continuous Token Price = Reserve Token Balance / (Continuous Token Supply x Reserve Ratio) Recall that the price of a Continuous Token increases as the supply of continuous tokens increase
  6. The marginal cost formula can be used in financial modeling What is Financial Modeling Financial modeling is performed in Excel to forecast a company's financial performance. Overview of what is financial modeling, how & why to build a model. to optimize the generation of cash flow Cash Flow Cash Flow (CF) is the increase or decrease in the.

Simple Curve Formula - EasyCalculatio

In order to utilize these dynamic price curves enabled by Connector Weight formulas it's helpful to make the curves legible as slope graphs. The pieces necessary for this are m the slope and n the exponent so that you can make a formula like f(x) = mx^n. Both can be derived with the following equations: CW = 1 / (n + 1) where n is the exponen Theh in the phillips curve equation is a positive constant that guarantees that the Phillips curve slopes downwards, and the u n is the natural rate of unemployment that would result if inflation were equal to zero. (This is not to be confused with the NAIRU, which is the unemployment rate that results with non-accelerating, or constant. The above-mentioned equation is the equation of the tangent formula. In summary, follow these three simple steps to find the equation of the tangent to the curve at point A (x 1, y 1). Step 1: The first and foremost step should be finding (dy/dx) from the given equation of the curve y = f(x) The curve number is based on the area's hydrologic soil group, land use , treatment and hydrologic condition. The 2 former being of greatest importance. The general equation for the SCS curve number method is as follows: The initial equation (1) is based on trends observed in data from collected sites, therefore it is an emperical equation.

The formula for deadweight loss can be derived by using the following steps: Step 1: Firstly, plot graph for the supply curve and the initial demand curve with a price on the ordinate and quantity on the abscissa. Then, determine the equilibrium quantity, where the demand curve meets the supply curve The chain element of the length Δs can be expressed by the formula. ds = √1+(y′)2dx. As a result we obtain the differential equation of the catenary: T 0 dy′ dx = ρgA√1+ (y′)2, ⇒ T 0y′′ = ρgA√1+ (y′)2. The order of this equation can be reduced. By denoting y′ = z, we can represent it as the first order equation


  1. ating control points
  2. The most commonly occurring yield curve is the yield to maturity yield curve. The equation used to calculate the yield to maturity was shown in Chapter 1. The curve itself is constructed by plotting the yield to maturity against the term to maturity for a group o
  3. If you really mean a curve, something like. { x 2 a 2 − y 2 b 2 = 1 z = 0. is one example. (There are others.) If you mean the 3d version you get hyperboloids of one and two sheets respectively, but these are surfaces, not curves: x 2 + y 2 − z 2 = 1. x 2 − y 2 − z 2 = 1. Notice that these surfaces are obtained by rotating a planar.
  4. This is a general equation for a dose-response curve. It shows response as a function of the logarithm of concentration. X is the logarithm of agonist concentration and Y is the response. This equation is also called a three-parameter logistic equation. The variable Bottom is the Y value at the bottom plateau; Top is the Y value at the top.
  5. The curve referred to in the term is the bell curve, which is used in statistics to show the normal distribution—what the expected variation is—of any set of data. It's called a bell curve because once the data is plotted on a graph, the line created usually forms the shape of a bell or hill

The tangent at the point (2, −2) to the curve, x^2y^2 - 2x = 4(1 - y) does not pass through the point asked Dec 24, 2019 in Limit, continuity and differentiability by Rozy ( 41.8k points) applications of derivative The curve equation is stand-alone from the sketch. Creo 2.0 attached . YouTube link . Video Link : 5126 . Curve Equation: /* Ref_r is the fixed radius of circle being unwound REF_R=1 /* Segment is arclength per degree of the circle being unwound (2*PI*R) SEGMENT = 2 * PI * REF_R / 36 I'm having a hard time getting the cylindrical curves to work. I'm trying to draw a curve with the equation R=(5*theta/360)+5, where 0=<theta=<360 (a graphing calculator confirms that function is valid). When placing this formula in the R field of the Onshape feature, I replace theta with #t (I have a parameter defined as t) The marginal cost curve in fig. (13.8) decreases sharply with smaller Q output and reaches a minimum. As production is expanded to a higher level, it begins to rise at a rapid rate. Long Run Marginal Cost Curve: The long run marginal cost curve like the long run average cost curve is U-shaped IS curve: the market for goods and services. In an open economy, the equilibrium condition in the market for goods is that production (Y), is equal to the demand for goods, which is the sum of consumption, investment, public spending and net exports. This relationship is called IS

Question 3: Deriving the AD Curve (closed economy) (20 marks) Consider an economy with the following IS and LM curves: Y = 4350 800r+ 2G T (IS) M P = 0:5Y 200r (LM) 1. Suppose that T = G= 450 and that M= 9000. Find an equation for the aggregate demand curve. [Hint: Use the IS and LM equations to nd a relationship between Y and P]. If the full. This is a vertical line through the vertex of the curve. Note how the curve is a mirror image on the left and right of the line. (We say the curve is symmetrical about this line). Note too that the roots are equally spaced on each side of it. When the quadratic is in normal form, as it is here, we can find the axis of symmetry from the formula.

Curve tracing includes methods which can be used to generate a rough idea of the overall shape of a plane curve due to its equation without calculating a large number of points required for an. Curve Calculator Surveying. In mathematics, the curve which does not cross itself is called as the simple curve. It is different from the curve. Triangles, quadrilateral, circle etc come under the category of closed curves. Here is the online curve calculator surveying which helps you to calculate the degree of curve easily

Il modello IS-LM è una rappresentazione sintetica del pensiero economico keynesiano, così come interpretato dalla sintesi neoclassica.La sigla sta per le parole inglesi Investment Saving - Liquidity Money ovvero Investimento Risparmio - Liquidità Denaro. Ha lo scopo di rappresentare insieme il settore reale (IS) e quello monetario (LM) An S-curve is defined as: A display of cumulative costs, labor hours or other quantities plotted against time. The name derives from the S-like shape of the curve, flatter at the beginning and end and steeper in the middle, which is typical of most projects An epi curve is represented by a graph with two axes that intersect at right angles. The horizontal x-axis is the date or time of illness onset among cases. The vertical y-axis is the number of cases. Each axis is divided into equally spaced intervals, although the intervals for the two axes may differ For an 80% learning curve b = log .8/log 2 = -.09691/.301 = -.32196. If the first unit required 100 hours, the equation would be: Y = 100X-.322. The equation for cumulative total hours (or cost) is found by multiplying both sides of the cumulative average equation by X. Since X times X b = X 1+b, the equation is: XY = aX 1+ The IV curve of a solar cell is the superposition of the IV curve of the solar cell diode in the dark with the light-generated current.1 The light has the effect of shifting the IV curve down into the fourth quadrant where power can be extracted from the diode. Illuminating a cell adds to the normal dark currents in the diode so that the diode law becomes

Shortest Distance between a Point and a Line - Derivatives

Now we can easily deduce the linear equation for this curve (I'm taking the first data point and the second last, since the last one is clearly not that close to the smooth curve.) I use the point-slope formula for a line: y = 0.79872 − 0.16985 x. Next, we simply replace the x with log 10 (x) and achieve the required equation: y = 0.79872. A rose curve is a sinusoidal curve graphed in polar coordinates. These kinds of curves have a flower shape, and the loops of these curves are called petals. r = cos ⁡ ( 3 θ) r=\cos (3\theta) r= cos(3θ) The general form equation of a rose curve is. r = a cos ⁡ ( k θ), r=a\cos (k\theta), r = acos(kθ), where. a Given the equation of the line is 3x 2 - y 2 = 8. Now differentiating both sides with respect to x, we get. Now applying the sum rule of differentiation and differentiation of constant =0, so we get. So this is the slope of the given curve. We know the slope of the normal to the curve is. Now given the equation of the line x + 3y = 8 ⇒ 3y=8-

The following curve is an example of a cubic bezier curve- Here, This curve is defined by 4 control points b 0, b 1, b 2 and b 3. The degree of this curve is 3. So, it is a cubic bezier curve. Cubic Bezier Curve Equation- The parametric equation of a bezier curve is- Substituting n = 3 for a cubic bezier curve, we get- Expanding the above. There are a few differences to add best fit line or curve and equation between Excel 2007/2010 and 2013. 1. Select the original experiment data in Excel, and then click the Scatter > Scatter on the Insert tab. 2. Select the new added scatter chart, and then click the Trendline > More Trendline Options on the Layout tab. See above screen shot: 3 learning curve function is defined as follows: Y = the cumulative average time (or cost) per unit. X = the cumulative number of units produced. a = time (or cost) required to produce the first unit. b = slope of the function when plotted on log-log paper. = log of the learning rate/log of2 Learning Curve Formula: Y = aXb. Where: Y is the average time over the measured duration. a represents the time to complete the task the first time. X represents the total amount of attempts completed. b represents the slope of the function. A lot of times, learning and memory are use in the same manner even though their meanings are quite.

Secant Line: Finding an Equation for a Secant Line - YouTube

The slope is the rate of change in units along the curve, or the rise/run (change in y over the change in x). For example, in Figure 2 above, for each point shown on the demand curve, price drops by $10 and the number of units demanded increases by 200. So the slope is -10/200 along the entire demand curve, and it doesn't change s-shaped curve. parametric function. 0 maps to 0, 1 maps to 1, strictly increasing. simple derivative. So why not just take any convenient specific family of continuous unimodal* distributions on [0,1] whose pdf is simple? That seems to fulfill every part of what you list there. * (whose mode is bounded away from the endpoints

The formula for the elasticity of demand = Percentage change in quantity/ Percentage change in demand. When elasticity is higher than 1, it signifies products have an elastic demand. Such a demand curve Demand Curve Demand Curve is a graphical representation of the relationship between the prices of goods and demand quantity and is usually. Ebbinghaus' Forgetting Curve. The forgetting curve is a mathematical formula that was discovered by Herman Ebbinghaus in the 19th century. The formula describes the rate at which information is forgotten after it is learned. This phenomenon of learning and forgetting is familiar to those who try to learn something a night before their exams The polar equation of a rose curve is either #r = a cos ntheta or r = a sin ntheta#. n is at your choice. Integer values 2 3, 4.. are preferred for easy counting of the number of petals, in a period. n = 1 gives 1-petal circle. To be called a rose, n has to be sufficiently large and integer + a fraction, for images looking like a rose polynomial equation that can be calculated by most plate reader software or standard spreadsheet programs (see box below). • When solved for x, the 3-parameter equation (R 2 = 0.9997) is x = 1372.2y 3 - 769.01y 2 +1004.2y - 2.9373. • For y = 0.6, x = 619µg/mL This general formula can be solved in system to give you a polynomial of order N that fits a curve between two known points. In this case, we solve for <X = 0, Y = 153> to <X = 500, Y = 53>. Substituting the first coordinate pair, we easily obtain B. A * (0) ^ N + B = (153) 0 + B = (153) B = 153 Now, substituting the second pair, we can find A

1. The first trapezoid is between x=1 and x=2 under the curve as below screenshot shown. You can calculate its area easily with this formula: = (C3+C4)/2* (B4-B3). 2. Then you can drag the AutoFill handle of the formula cell down to calculate areas of other trapezoids Since the line crosses the y-axis when y = 3, the equation of this graph is y = ½x + 3 . Finding the gradient of a curve. To find the gradient of a curve, you must draw an accurate sketch of the curve. At the point where you need to know the gradient, draw a tangent to the curve. A tangent is a straight line which touches the curve at one.

Finding Centroid of a Parabola

Finding an equation for a curve in Excel? schnell (Electrical) (OP) 11 Jan 11 06:54. Hi, I have some data points that form a curve. I wish to put the points into excel and get it to put an equation to the line. Do you know what is th name of the Excel math software feature that does this...so that i can install it Elastic demand is when a product or service's demanded quantity changes by a greater percentage than changes in price. The opposite of elastic demand is inelastic demand, which is when consumers buy largely the same quantity regardless of price. The demand curve shows how the quantity demanded responds to price changes

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Learning Curves: A Learning Curve is an industrial tool or formula for the expected reduction of unit costs for large quantity production of components. Learning curves draw from historic building experience to determine expected reductions in labor and materials costs. Expected reductions can be gauged from the labor and materials conten This equation is used when X values are logarithms of doses or concentrations. Use a related equation when X values are concentrations or doses.. Introduction. The standard dose-response curve is sometimes called the four-parameter logistic equation.It fits four parameters: the bottom and top plateaus of the curve, the EC50 (or IC50), and the slope factor (Hill slope) 2. Area Under a Curve by Integration. by M. Bourne. We met areas under curves earlier in the Integration section (see 3.Area Under A Curve), but here we develop the concept further.(You may also be interested in Archimedes and the area of a parabolic segment, where we learn that Archimedes understood the ideas behind calculus, 2000 years before Newton and Leibniz did! They say it's possible to find the growth-rate ie the second derivative of a titration curve on wikipedia. I am interested in finding & deriving such a formula, because I need to know why the growth-rate is so small in the beginning of the titration but it gets so much bigger as you add larger volumes of the titrant. Create the learning curve in Microsoft Excel. I've had this 'Business Formulas' book sitting around for years. I decided to explore the learning curve formula: (a) create it in Excel and (b) think about the factors that go into learning Excel An equation of egg shaped curve (egg curve), which resembles to the shape of the actual egg more than Cassini oval etc. (continuing from the left), is obtained below. In the x-y coordinate shown in Fig 1, there is some point Q on the -axis, and there is the given segment PQ. The point Q is supposed to move on the -axis co-sinusoidally according to the angle of the segment PQ as the following